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PLL ASK OOK AM Wireless RF Wireless Transceiver Founction RX TX Modules 433MHZ

PLL ASK OOK AM Wireless RF Wireless Transceiver Founction RX TX Modules 433MHZ

  • Model: BX005*1+BX011*1
  • Shipping Weight: 0.01Kg
  • 10000 Units in Stock

USD $7.99

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Qty: 1 PCS receiver module and 1pcs transmitter module . 
 

 

 
 
Typical Applications
 
﹡ Remote gate controls
﹡ Remote keyless entry
﹡ Car alarm systems
﹡ wireless security systems
﹡ Automation systems
﹡ Remote control systems
 
Receiver module :
 
 
 BX005.jpg
Technical Data :
      Receiver Module No. : BX-RM06 -433 (match with our BX-TM01 -433 or BX-TM05 -433 module)
      
      Receiver Sensitivity (dBm):-112 ;

Operating frequency (MHz): 433.92MHz ;
 
Operating Voltage (V):  DC 3-5.5V

Low power consumption : 3.3V @ 433.92MHz, 6.0mA / 3.3V @315MHz,4.8mA;

Data transfer rate (kbs) : 10kbs (Manchester Coding)

          Operating temperature: -40 ℃ ~ +85 ℃
 
      Power enable mode when the power consumption can be done a minimum 50nA;
     
           Level output of the RSSI signal strength simulation;
 
     Good local oscillator radiation suppression, receiver module to work with (ie, single income) and will not interfere with each other, with the use does not             affect the receiver distance
 
 
 
Transmitter module :  
 

 

Technical Data :
Transmitter module No.: BX-TM05 -433
High output power: +10dBm;
 
 
 
 
 
 
Low operation voltage: VCC= 1.8 to 3.6 V;Operating frequency (MHz): 433.92MHz ;
Frequency tolerance: ±50 KHz;The rang can be up to 300-500m matching with XLC-RM08;Operating temperature: -40℃~+80℃;Small Size with Size of PCB: 11x16x5.5MM;Bit rate: <3kbps;
Circuit Shape: PLL; 
 

 

  
 

Running TX433 and RX433 RF modules with AVR microcontrollers : 

Sometimes in embedded design you may want to go wireless. Might be you will want to log various readings of remotely placed sensors, or simply build a remote control for robot or car alarm system.

Radio communications between two AVR microcontrollers can be easy when specialized modules are used. Lets try to run very well known RF modules TX433 and RX433 that (or similar) can be found almost in every electronics shop and pair of them cost about  6.99USD .

Transmitter and receiver modules are tuned to work correctly at 433.92MHz. Transmitter can be powered from 1.8-3.6V power supply while receiver accepts 5V. 5V is common for AVR microcontrollers so no problems with interfacing. Modules don't require addition components – just apply power and connect single data line to send information to/from and that's it. For better distances apply 30 – 35cm antennas. Modules use Amplitude-Shift Keying(ASK) modulation method and uses 1MHz bandwidth.

I have constructed two separate circuits for testing on Atmega8 microcontrollers.

Transmitter

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Receiver

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For testing I have used a prototyping board and breadboard.

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As you can see I have used one LED for indicating RF activity. Ok enough about hardware part – actually there is nothing more to say – circuits are simple.

Lets move on to software part. Radio transmission is a bit more complicated than wired communications because you never know what radio signals are present on air. So all matters how transmitted signal is encoded. And this is a part where you have many choices: use hardware encoding like USART or write your own based on one of many ending methods like NRZ, Manchester etc. In my example I have used AVR USART module to form data packs. Using hardware encoders solves many problems like synchronization, start and stop, various signal checks. But as long as I was practising you cannot rely on plain USART signal. Here you can actually improvize by adding various checks and so on.

I decided to form 4 byte data packages in order to send one byte information. These include:

  • one dummy synchronization byte (10101010);

  • one address byte – in case there are more receivers(or transmitters);

  • ondata byte;

  • and checksum which is actually a sum of address and data(address+data).

Why did I use a dummy byte at the beginning of package. Simply I noticed, that when transmitter doesn't transmit any data – receiver catches various noises that come from power supply or other sources because receiver likes adjust its input gain depending on input signal level. First byte tunes receiver to accept normal signal after then address byte, data and checksum can be read more reliably. Probably with different transmission modules you may exclude this dummy byte.

Ttransmitter program for AVR Atmega8:

 

#include 
#include 
#ifndef F_CPU
//define cpu clock speed if not defined
#define F_CPU 8000000
#endif
//set desired baud rate
#define BAUDRATE 1200
//calculate UBRR value
#define UBRRVAL ((F_CPU/(BAUDRATE*16UL))-1)
//define receive parameters
#define SYNC 0XAA// synchro signal
#define RADDR 0x44
#define LEDON 0x11//switch led on command
#define LEDOFF 0x22//switch led off command
void USART_Init(void)
{
	//Set baud rate
	UBRRL=(uint8_t)UBRRVAL;		//low byte
	UBRRH=(UBRRVAL>>8);	//high byte
	//Set data frame format: asynchronous mode,no parity, 1 stop bit, 8 bit size
	UCSRC=(1< 
(0< 
//Enable Transmitter and Receiver and Interrupt on receive complete
	UCSRB=(1< 
}
void USART_vSendByte(uint8_t u8Data)
{
    // Wait if a byte is being transmitted
    while((UCSRA&(1< 
// Transmit data
    UDR = u8Data;  
}
void Send_Packet(uint8_t addr, uint8_t cmd)
{
	USART_vSendByte(SYNC);//send synchro byte	
	USART_vSendByte(addr);//send receiver address
	USART_vSendByte(cmd);//send increment command
	USART_vSendByte((addr+cmd));//send checksum
}
void delayms(uint8_t t)//delay in ms
{
uint8_t i;
for(i=0;i 
_delay_ms(1);
}
int main(void)
{
USART_Init();
while(1)
	{//endless transmission
	//send command to switch led ON
	Send_Packet(RADDR, LEDON);
	delayms(100);
	//send command to switch led ON
	Send_Packet(RADDR, LEDOFF);
	delayms(100);
	}
	return 0;
}

 

In my case I used UART 1200 baud rate. It may be increased or decreased depending on distance and environment. For longer distances lower baud rates works better as there is bigger probability for transmission errors. Maximum bit rate of transmitter is 8kbits/s what is about 2400 baud. But what works in theory usually do not work in practice. So 1200 baud is maximum what I could get working correctly.

Transmitter sends two commands (LEDON and LEDOFF) to receiver with 100ms gaps. Receiver recognizes these commands and switches LED on or off depending on received command. This way I can monitor if data transfer works correctly. If LED blink is periodical – then transmission goes without errors. If there is an error in received data then LED gives shorter blink.

Receiver program code:

 

#include 
#include 
#include 
#ifndef F_CPU
//define cpu clock speed if not defined
#define F_CPU 4000000
#endif
//set desired baud rate
#define BAUDRATE 1200
//calculate UBRR value
#define UBRRVAL ((F_CPU/(BAUDRATE*16UL))-1)
//define receive parameters
#define SYNC 0XAA// synchro signal
#define RADDR 0x44
#define LEDON 0x11//LED on command
#define LEDOFF 0x22//LED off command

void USART_Init(void)

{
	//Set baud rate
	UBRRL=(uint8_t)UBRRVAL;		//low byte
	UBRRH=(UBRRVAL>>8);	//high byte
	//Set data frame format: asynchronous mode,no parity, 1 stop bit, 8 bit size
	UCSRC=(1< 
(0< 
//Enable Transmitter and Receiver and Interrupt on receive complete
	UCSRB=(1< 
//enable global interrupts
}
uint8_t USART_vReceiveByte(void)
{
    // Wait until a byte has been received
    while((UCSRA&(1< 
// Return received data
    return UDR;
}
ISR(USART_RXC_vect)
{
	//define variables
	uint8_t raddress, data, chk;//transmitter address
	//receive destination address
	raddress=USART_vReceiveByte();
	//receive data
	data=USART_vReceiveByte();
	//receive checksum
	chk=USART_vReceiveByte();
	//compare received checksum with calculated
	if(chk==(raddress+data))//if match perform operations
	{
		//if transmitter address match
		if(raddress==RADDR)
			{
				if(data==LEDON)
					{
						PORTC&=~(1<<0);//LED ON
					}
				else if(data==LEDOFF)
					{
						PORTC|=(1<<0);//LED OFF
					}
				else
				{
					//blink led as error
					PORTC|=(1<<0);//LED OFF
					_delay_ms(10);
					PORTC&=~(1<<0);//LED ON	
				}
			}
	}
}
void Main_Init(void)
{
	PORTC|=(1<<0);//LED OFF
	DDRC=0X001;//define port C pin 0 as output;
	//enable global interrupts
	sei();
}
int main(void)
{
	Main_Init();
	USART_Init();
	while(1)
	{
	}
	//nothing here interrupts are working
	return 0;
}

 

Receiver program receives all four bytes, then checks if checksum of received bytes is same as received checksum value. If checksum test passes then receiver addresses are compared and if signal is addressed to receiver it analyses data.

After all I have noticed that without antennas transmission is more erroneous even if modules are standing near by. Of course with all my power chords around the room I was getting lots of noises that receiver was catching between data transmissions.

In the last pictures you can see data packets of 4 bytes seen on the oscilloscopes. Yellow signal is from transmission data line(TX) while blue is taken from receiver data line(RX):













Transmitted and received signals matches

 

 

 

 

 

There is no noise between data packages(ideal case)

Good luck if you will decide to go wireless.


Introduction for Shenzhen Canton-electronics Trading Co.,Ltd :
We specialize in RF Wireless Radio Transmitting Units and Receiving Units, the product include transmitters with case, receivers with relay(s), transmittng modules and receiving modules, are widely applied in RC toy, remote sensing, telemetry, fireworks, industrial control, home&garden application.

 

 
 
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